Classes of Organic Compounds
The human body is categorized by the four major organic compounds.
The dour classes of organic compounds include: carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and nucleic acids. These are found in all living things.
Have you ever heard of the life processes?
While much of organic chemistry revolves around life processes, it\’s their association with living organisms and organic compounds which is quite interesting.
Facts bout organic compounds!
Here is list of organic compounds and a brief explanation of each:
Have you ever wondered where long distance runners get all that energy? Chances are they\’ve loaded up their bodies with carbohydrates because they are great sources of energy.
But, carbs also have other functions such as serving as structural materials. Because they are molecules, their composition is important. Carbohydrates are made of molecules from carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with the hydrogen atoms outnumbering the oxygen atoms by a 2:1 ratio.
How are carbs and sugars related?
Simple carbs are also referred to as sugars. And, these can be further broken down into monosaccharides because they have but a single molecule or disaccharides if they\’ve got two molecules.
Just what are lipids?
Lipids are made of three types of atoms: of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Thus, a lipid is an organic molecule. The end result is the ratio of hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms in lipids is way higher than in carbohydrates.
Did you realize that Lipids and steroids are related? Steroids have had some much negative publicity because of their abuse but they material of which many hormones are composed. But lipids are also composed of waxes and fats.
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms make up the amino acids which are responsible for the formation of proteins. Proteins happen to be among the most complex of an organic compound. Because of their relationship with amino acids they also contain sulfur atoms, phosphorous, or other trace elements such as iron or copper. Proteins can be large and complex.
How many amino acids are there?
There are 20 types of amino acids with each having its own unique chain. When a water molecule is removed it forms a protein. Lack of water is referred to as dehydration. Thus, the process involving water molecule removal is known as dehydration synthesis, and a byproduct of the synthesis is water. The links forged between the amino acids are peptide bonds, and small proteins are often called peptides.
Plants, animals, and the human body all depend upon proteins for their existence. Proteins are the primary molecules which are the building block of living things.
As the name implies, nucleic acids are huge molecules. Nucleotides, smaller units, are the byproducts of nucleic acids. Each nucleotide contains a carbohydrate molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen-containing molecule that because of its properties is a nitrogenous base.
Most of us have heard of the terms DNA and RNA!
Living organisms have two important nucleic acids.
Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA is located mainly in the nucleus of the cell. DNA contains the carbohydrate deoxyribose and DNA contains the base thymine.
Ribonucleic acid, or RNA, is located in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Cytoplasm is a semi-liquid substance forming the foundation of the cell. RNA is comprised of ribose and uracil.